The stomach lining becomes inflamed when someone has gastropathy. Unfortunately, the term "gastritis" has been abused to refer to a variety of upper abdominal issues, when the actual definition of gastritis refers to irritated gastric mucosa. The stomach mucosa may be involved whole or in part. Gastritis is categorized as either acute or chronic. There are two types of acute gastritis: erosive (damaged areas where mucosal cells are absent or disturbed) and nonerosive. Histopathology, or the appearance of the gastric mucosa, is used to diagnose chronic gastritis, which has long-lasting symptoms. Despite some being presented, there isn't a classification scheme that is commonly accepted.
Helicobacter pylori or the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, or NSAIDs, are the two main causes of gastroenteritis. Smoking, cocaine, alcohol, and autoimmune conditions are a few more potential causes. H2 blockers, antacids, or proton pump inhibitors are used to . The use of viscous lidocaine may be beneficial during a severe episode of gastritis. If H. pylori are present, treatment with a combination of antibiotics, such as clarithromycin and amoxicillin, may be able to cure the condition. The need for gastritis therapy is expected to increase in the near future since gastritis can be successfully treated.